natural resources of north karelia


North Karelia is a region of forests, waterways and peatlands. With more than 2000 lakes, an area of 21,585 square km, 230 villages and 166.000 inhabitants, North Karelia provides its residents and visitors a close contact to nature.


The land, forests and waterways are used  as raw materials for forest and peat industry, recreation, hunting, fishing, and collecting non-timber forest products such as berries and mushrooms. Utilisation of natural resources is thereby of key importance for the people in North Karelia.


North Karelia Biosphere Reserve therefore acts by brings together individuals, community based organizations, research institutes and corporate organizations in a forum where they can discuss the concepts of sustainable development. The knowledge can hence be used to improve environmental practices.


Similarly to other Biosphere Reserves, the North Karelia Biosphere Reserve aims to carry out actions in three sectors that supplement and strenghten each other:  

Conservation function to contribute to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation

Development function to foster economic and human development which is socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable

Logistic function to provide support for research, monitoring, education and information exchange related to local, national and global issues of conservation and development.